Measurements of Distributed Strain During Impact Pile Driving

Buckley, R.M. , Byrne, B.W., Doherty, J.P., Jardine, R.J., Kontoe, S., McAdam, R.A. and Randolph, M.F. (2021) Measurements of Distributed Strain During Impact Pile Driving. In: Piling 2020, 23-26 Mar 2021, pp. 217-222. ISBN 9780727765048

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This paper reports the use of optical Fibre Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors to monitor the stress waves generated below ground during pile driving, combined with measurements using conventional pile driving analyzer (PDA) sensors mounted at the pile head. Fourteen tubular steel piles with a diameter of 508 mm and embedded length to diameter ratios of 6 to 20 were impact driven at an established chalk test site in Kent, UK. The pile shafts were instrumented with multiple FBG strain gauges and pile head PDA sensors, which monitored the piles’ responses under each hammer blow. A high frequency (5 kHz) fibre optic interrogator allowed a previously unseen resolution of the stress wave propagation along the pile. Estimates of the base soil resistances to driving and distributions of shaft shear resistances were found through signal matching that compared time series of pile head PDA measurements and FBG strains measured below ground surface. Numerical solutions of the one-dimensional wave equation were optimised by taking account of the data from multiple FBG gauges, leading to significant advantages that have potential for widespread application in cases where high resolution strain measurements are made.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Buckley, Dr Roisin
Authors: Buckley, R.M., Byrne, B.W., Doherty, J.P., Jardine, R.J., Kontoe, S., McAdam, R.A., and Randolph, M.F.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Piling 2020: Proceedings of the Piling 2020 Conference: 217-222
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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