Hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy for IFNγR1 deficiency protects mice from mycobacterial infections

Hetzel, M. et al. (2018) Hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy for IFNγR1 deficiency protects mice from mycobacterial infections. Blood, 131(5), pp. 533-545. (doi: 10.1182/blood-2017-10-812859) (PMID:29233822)

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Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease is a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by severe infections caused by weakly virulent mycobacteria. Biallelic null mutations in genes encoding interferon gamma receptor 1 or 2 (IFNGR1 or IFNGR2) result in a life-threatening disease phenotype in early childhood. Recombinant interferon γ (IFN-γ) therapy is inefficient, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has a poor prognosis. Thus, we developed a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy approach using lentiviral vectors that express Ifnγr1 either constitutively or myeloid specifically. Transduction of mouse Ifnγr1−/− HSCs led to stable IFNγR1 expression on macrophages, which rescued their cellular responses to IFN-γ. As a consequence, genetically corrected HSC-derived macrophages were able to suppress T-cell activation and showed restored antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in vitro. Transplantation of genetically corrected HSCs into Ifnγr1−/− mice before BCG infection prevented manifestations of severe BCG disease and maintained lung and spleen organ integrity, which was accompanied by a reduced mycobacterial burden in lung and spleen and a prolonged overall survival in animals that received a transplant. In summary, we demonstrate an HSC-based gene therapy approach for IFNγR1 deficiency, which protects mice from severe mycobacterial infections, thereby laying the foundation for a new therapeutic intervention in corresponding human patients.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Herder, Dr Vanessa
Authors: Hetzel, M., Mucci, A., Blank, P., Nguyen, A. H. H., Schiller, J., Halle, O., Kühnel, M.-P., Billig, S., Meineke, R., Brand, D., Herder, V., Baumgärtner, W., Bange, F.-C., Goethe, R., Jonigk, D., Förster, R., Gentner, B., Casanova, J.-L., Bustamante, J., Schambach, A., Kalinke, U., and Lachmann, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Infection & Immunity > Centre for Virus Research
Journal Name:Blood
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN (Online):1528-0020
Published Online:13 December 2017

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