Can the magmatic conditions of the Martian nakhlites be discerned via investigation of clinopyroxene and olivine intra-crystalline misorientations?

Griffin, S. , Daly, L. , Piazolo, S., Forman, L.V., Cohen, B.E., Lee, M.R. , Trimby, P.W., Baumgartner, R.J., Benedix, G.K. and Hoefnagels, B. (2022) Can the magmatic conditions of the Martian nakhlites be discerned via investigation of clinopyroxene and olivine intra-crystalline misorientations? Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, (doi: 10.1029/2021JE007082) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

Deformation is a near ubiquitous process that is observed within nearly all naturally forming rocks. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is a technique that enables slip-systems (a form of plastic deformation) to be inferred from intra-crystalline misorientations at a comparable scale to representative CPO analysis (≥300 crystals for the nakhlites). Extensive laboratory and studies on naturally occurring samples have identified preferential mantle condition extrinsic parameters for specific slip-system signatures within olivine and clinopyroxene. Intra-crystalline misorientation patterns for olivine and augite (high Ca-clinopyroxene) for 16 different Martian nakhlite meteorites (21 sections) were analysed and assessed against these known parameters. Investigation of high and low deformation regions within the nakhlites revealed a shift in intra-crystalline misorientation patterns for 10 of the 21 sections. Interpreted as both shock (high deformations) and emplacement (low deformation) signatures. The observed variations in deformation patterns for the two main regimes of deformation indicate heterogeneous sampling of the nakhlite ejecta crater. Our findings indicate that shock deformation is prevalent throughout the nakhlites, and that great care needs to be taken when interpreting intra-crystalline misorientations of crystals within apparent lower deformation regions.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was funded by the Science and Technology Facilities Council through grants ST/N000846/1 and ST/H002960/1 to M.R.L.
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Daly, Dr Luke and Griffin, Miss Sammy and Lee, Professor Martin
Authors: Griffin, S., Daly, L., Piazolo, S., Forman, L.V., Cohen, B.E., Lee, M.R., Trimby, P.W., Baumgartner, R.J., Benedix, G.K., and Hoefnagels, B.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2169-9097
ISSN (Online):2169-9100
Published Online:05 April 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 John Wiley and Sons Ltd
First Published:First published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 2022
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
172314A journey from the solar nebula to planetary bodies: cycling of heat, water and organicsMartin LeeScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N000846/1GES - Earth Sciences
190265Follow the water: insights into the martian hydrosphere from nakhlitesMartin LeeScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/H002960/1GES - Earth Sciences