Effect of water−solid mixing sequence and crystallization water of calcium sulphate on the hydration of C3A

Joseph, S., Skibsted, J. and Cizer, Ö. (2022) Effect of water−solid mixing sequence and crystallization water of calcium sulphate on the hydration of C3A. Materials, 15(6), 2297. (doi: 10.3390/ma15062297)

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Tricalcium aluminate (Ca3Al2O6: C3A) is the most reactive clinker phase in Portland cement. In this study, the effect of the sequence of mixing of C3A with gypsum and water on the hydration kinetics and phase assemblage is investigated. Three mixing sequences were employed: (i) Turbula mixing of C3A first with gypsum and then with water (T-mix); (ii) Hand mixing of C3A with gypsum before mixing with water (H-mix); (iii) Pre-mixing gypsum with water and then with C3A (P-mix). The results suggest that there is a considerable difference in the hydration kinetics and hydrate phase assemblage, particularly during the initial stages of hydration. P-mix promotes a higher degree of hydration in the initial minutes and considerably influences the main peak in the calorimetry curve of C3A hydration. Effects of calcium sulphate with different amounts of crystallisation water (anhydrite, hemihydrate and gypsum) on C3A hydration are also investigated, and it is found that the water of crystallisation does not have a significant impact on the kinetics of reaction or the formed hydrate phase assemblage.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Hydration, kinetics, gypsum, Portland cement.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Joseph, Dr Shiju
Creator Roles:
Joseph, S.Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Validation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Data curation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing, Visualization, Supervision
Authors: Joseph, S., Skibsted, J., and Cizer, Ö.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Materials
ISSN (Online):1996-1944
Published Online:20 March 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Materials 15(6): 2297
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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