Enforced expression of Runx2 perturbs T cell development at a stage coincident with β-selection

Vaillant, F., Blyth, K. , Andrew, L., Neil, J. C. and Cameron, E. R. (2002) Enforced expression of Runx2 perturbs T cell development at a stage coincident with β-selection. Journal of Immunology, 169(6), pp. 2866-2874. (doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.169.6.2866)

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Abstract

The development of T cells in the thymus is regulated by a series of stage-specific transcription factors. Deregulated expression of these factors can lead to alterations in thymocyte development with the production of aberrant cell subsets and predispose to tumor formation. The three genes of the Runx family are multilineage regulators of differentiation that have been reported to be expressed in the T cell lineage. However, their roles in thymocyte development and T cell function are largely unknown. While the Runx2/Cbfa1/AML3/Pebp2αa gene plays a primary role in osteogenesis and regulates a number of key bone regulatory genes, we show here that Runx2 is also expressed during the earliest phase of thymic development, in the double-negative subset. Furthermore, enforced expression of Runx2 in transgenic mice under the CD2 promoter was found to affect T cell development at a stage coincident with β-selection, resulting in an expansion of double-negative CD4 and CD8 immature single-positive cells. Unlike wild-type controls this preselection population (CD4−CD8+heat-stable Ag+TCR−) is in a nonproliferative state, but appears to be primed for further transformation events. Overall the data suggest that Runx2 accelerates development to the CD8 immature single-positive stage, but retards subsequent differentiation to the double-positive stage. Thus, Runx2 joins a small group of transcription factors that can interfere with early T cell development, cause an expansion of a specific subset, and predispose to lymphoma.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Blyth, Professor Karen and Cameron, Professor Ewan and Neil, Professor James
Authors: Vaillant, F., Blyth, K., Andrew, L., Neil, J. C., and Cameron, E. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
ISSN (Online):1550-6606

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