Place effects on health: how can we conceptualise, operationalise and measure them?

Macintyre, S., Ellaway, A. and Cummins, S. (2002) Place effects on health: how can we conceptualise, operationalise and measure them? Social Science and Medicine, 55(1), pp. 125-139. (doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00214-3)

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In this paper we highlight what we consider to be a lack of adequate conceptualisation, operationalisation and measurement of "place effects". We briefly review recent historical trends in the study of the effects of place on health in industrial countries, and argue that "place effects" often appear to have the status of a residual category, an unspecified black box of somewhat mystical influences on health which remain after investigators have controlled for a range of individual and place characteristics. We note that the distinction between "composition" and "context" may be more apparent than real, and that features of both material infrastructure and collective social functioning may influence health. We suggest using a framework of universal human needs as a basis for thinking about how places may influence health, and recommend the testing of hypotheses about specific chains of causation that might link place of residence with health outcomes. Author Keywords: Place; Area effects; Compositional explanations; Contextual explanations; Collective social functioning; Universal human needs.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macintyre, Professor Sally and Ellaway, Dr Anne
Authors: Macintyre, S., Ellaway, A., and Cummins, S.
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
Journal Name:Social Science and Medicine

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