Comparison of the effects of thiopentone and propofol on the electrocardiogram of dogs

Dennis, S.G., Wotton, P.R., Boswood, A. and Flaherty, D. (2007) Comparison of the effects of thiopentone and propofol on the electrocardiogram of dogs. Veterinary Record, 160(20), pp. 681-686. (doi: 10.1136/vr.160.20.681)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.160.20.681

Abstract

Sixty-four dogs were randomly assigned to receive either thiopentone or propofol and their electrocardiograms were recorded immediately before and shortly after they were anaesthetised. Thiopentone caused a marked increase in QT and JT intervals, a flattening of the T-wave and an increase in precordial QT dispersion. Propofol induced a less marked increase in QT and JT intervals, corrected for heart rate. Both agents induced an increase in heart rate and a decrease in heart rate variability, consistent with reduced vagal tone. Shortly after anaesthesia was induced, thiopentone affected ventricular repolarisation to a far greater extent than propofol, changes which suggest that it may be more likely to induce re-entrant ventricular arrhythmogenesis and could be associated with an increase in sympathetic tone. Propofol may therefore be more suitable than thiopentone for dogs with a susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias or a long QT interval.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wotton, Dr Paul and Flaherty, Professor Derek
Authors: Dennis, S.G., Wotton, P.R., Boswood, A., and Flaherty, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Veterinary Record
Publisher:B M J Group
ISSN:0042-4900
ISSN (Online):2042-7670

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