Hydration of hybrid cements at low temperatures: a study on Portland cement-blast furnace slag—Na2SO4

Joseph, S. and Cizer, Ö. (2022) Hydration of hybrid cements at low temperatures: a study on Portland cement-blast furnace slag—Na2SO4. Materials, 15(5), 1914. (doi: 10.3390/ma15051914)

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Replacement of Portland cement with high volumes of blast furnace slag is known to negatively affect the early-age properties of concrete, particularly at low temperatures. In this study, the effectiveness of Na2SO4 on the mechanical properties, hydration kinetics and microstructure development of a commercial CEM III/B (~69% slag) is investigated at 10 and 20 °C. Na2SO4 enhances compressive strength at both 10 and 20 °C, and at both early (1 and 7 days) and later ages (28 and 90 days). QXRD shows an increase in the degree of alite hydration at 1 day with Na2SO4 addition, while the degree of clinker and slag hydration is similar for all the systems from 7 to 90 days. An increase in ettringite content is observed at all ages in the systems with Na2SO4. Microstructure and pore structure shows densification of hydrates and reduction in porosity on addition of Na2SO4.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Hydration, microstructure, activation, sulfate, phase assemblage.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Joseph, Dr Shiju
Creator Roles:
Joseph, S.Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Validation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Resources, Data curation, Visualization, Writing – original draft
Authors: Joseph, S., and Cizer, Ö.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Materials
ISSN (Online):1996-1944
Published Online:04 March 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Materials 15(5): 1914
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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