Comparison of the activPAL CREA and VANE algorithms for characterization of posture and activity in free-living adults

Montoye, A. H.K., Vondrasek, J. D., Neph, S. E., Basu, N. , Paul, L., Bachmair, E.-M., Stefanov, K. and Gray, S. R. (2022) Comparison of the activPAL CREA and VANE algorithms for characterization of posture and activity in free-living adults. Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour, 5(1), pp. 49-57. (doi: 10.1123/jmpb.2021-0053)

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Abstract

Background: The activPAL accelerometer is used widely for assessment of free-living activity and postural data. Two algorithms, VANE (traditional) and CREA (new), are available to analyze activPAL data, but the comparability of metrics derived from these algorithms is unknown. Purpose: To determine the comparability of physical activity and sedentary behavior metrics from activPAL’s VANE and CREA algorithms. Methods: Individuals enrolled in the LIFT trial (n = 354) wore an activPAL accelerometer on the right thigh continuously for 7 days on four occasions, resulting in 5,851 valid days of data for analysis. Daily data were downloaded in the PALbatch software using the VANE and CREA algorithms. Correlations, mean absolute percentage error, effect sizes (ES), and equivalence (within 3%) were calculated to evaluate comparability of the algorithms. Results: Steps, activity score, stepping time, bouts of stepping, and upright time metrics were statistically equivalent, highly correlated (r ≥ .98), and had small mean absolute percentage errors (≤2.5%) and trivial ES (ES < 0.07) between algorithms. Stepping bouts also had good comparability. Conversely, sedentary-upright and upright-sedentary transitions and bouts of sitting were not equivalent, with large mean absolute percentage differences (17.4%–141.3%) and small to very large ES (ES = 0.45–3.80) between algorithms. Conclusions: Stepping and upright metrics are highly comparable between activPAL’s VANE and CREA algorithms, but sitting metrics had large differences as the VANE algorithm does not capture nonwear or differentiate between sitting and lying down. Researchers using the activPAL should explicitly describe the analytic algorithms used in their work to facilitate data pooling and comparability across studies.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stefanov, Mr Kristian and Basu, Professor Neil and Gray, Dr Stuart and Bachmair, Dr Eva-Maria
Authors: Montoye, A. H.K., Vondrasek, J. D., Neph, S. E., Basu, N., Paul, L., Bachmair, E.-M., Stefanov, K., and Gray, S. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour
Publisher:Human Kinetics
ISSN:2575-6605
ISSN (Online):2575-6613
Published Online:22 February 2022

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