Identification of up-regulated genes by array analysis in scrapie-infected mouse brains

Brown, A.R., Webb, J., Rebus, S., Williams, A. and Fazakerley, J.K. (2004) Identification of up-regulated genes by array analysis in scrapie-infected mouse brains. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology, 30, pp. 555-567. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2990.2004.00565.x)

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Abstract

The major neuropathological features of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are well documented, however, the underlying molecular events are poorly defined. We have applied cDNA expression arrays and quantitative RT-PCR to the study of gene expression in the brain, and more specifically in the hippocampus, of the well-characterized ME7/CV mouse model of scrapie. The number of genes showing consistent, scrapie-associated changes in expression was limited, and was primarily restricted to glial-associated genes. Increased expression of genes encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein, vimentin, complement component 1q (alpha and beta polypeptides), cathepsin D, clusterin and cystatin C was evident in the hippocampus from 170 days after inoculation (dpi), with expression increasing thereafter to terminal disease (225–235 dpi). Elevation of gene expression preceded clinical disease by approximately 30 days, and coincided with a 20-day period in the ME7/CV model during which 50% of the CA1 hippocampal neurones are lost. Increased expression of cystatin C, an inhibitor of lysosomal cysteine proteases, is a novel finding in the context of TSE neuropathology and was confirmed by Western analysis and immunocytochemistry.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:UNSPECIFIED
Authors: Brown, A.R., Webb, J., Rebus, S., Williams, A., and Fazakerley, J.K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology

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