Beautiful victims: how the halo of attractiveness impacts judgments of celebrity and lay victims of online abuse

Hand, C. J. and Scott, G. G. (2022) Beautiful victims: how the halo of attractiveness impacts judgments of celebrity and lay victims of online abuse. Computers in Human Behavior, 130, 107157. (doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2021.107157)

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Abstract

Research has shown that celebrity and lay victims are attributed blame for cyberabuse incidents. The nature of victim-generated content and abuse volume contribute to victim blame (VB) and perceived severity (PS) of incidents. Complementary cyberbullying research demonstrates that perceived attractiveness co-varies with VB, suggesting a protective ‘halo’ related to the ‘what is beautiful is good’ phenomenon. To explore the inter-relationships between victim status (celebrity, lay-user), victim identity claims (initial tweets: negative, neutral, positive), and behavioral residue (abuse volume: low, high), we used a mixed-factors design; victim status was a between-groups factor, whereas initial tweet valence and abuse volume were within-participants factors. We measured perceptions of victim attractiveness, VB, and PS; additionally, we measured participants' (N = 309) Dark Triad traits. In general, we found that celebrities received less blame than lay-users, and abuse against celebrities was perceived as more-severe. An exception was when celebrities initially tweeted negative content, in which case they received more blame. VB was influenced by social attractiveness, victim status, and initial tweet valence. PS was determined by abuse volume, task attractiveness, and initial tweet valence. Celebrities appear to be held in higher regard and considered more attractive than other social media users, affording them protection when abused online.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hand, Dr Christopher and Scott, Mr Graham
Authors: Hand, C. J., and Scott, G. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
College of Social Sciences > School of Education
Journal Name:Computers in Human Behavior
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0747-5632
ISSN (Online):1873-7692
Published Online:22 December 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Computers in Human Behavior 130: 107157
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
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