Gender differences in mental health: evidence from three organisations

Emslie, C., Fuhrer, R., Hunt, K., Macintyre, S., Shipley, M. and Stansfeld, S. (2002) Gender differences in mental health: evidence from three organisations. Social Science and Medicine, 54(4), pp. 621-624. (doi: 10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00056-9)

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Abstract

It is commonly observed that women report higher levels of minor psychiatric morbidity than men. However, most research fails to control for the gendered distribution of social roles (e.g. paid work and domestic work) and so does not compare men and women in similar positions. In this short report, we examine the distribution of minor psychiatric morbidity (measured by the 12 item General Health Questionnaire) amongst men and women working in similar jobs within three white-collar organisations in Britain, after controlling for domestic and socioeconomic circumstances. Data from self-completion questionnaires were collected in a Bank (n=2176), a University (n=1641) and the Civil Service (n=6171). In all three organisations women had higher levels of minor psychiatric morbidity than men, but the differences were not great; in only the Civil Service sample did this reach statistical significance. We conclude that generalisations about gender differences in minor psychiatric morbidity can be unhelpful, as these differences may vary depending on the context of the study.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hunt, Professor Kathryn and Emslie, Dr Carol and Macintyre, Professor Sally
Authors: Emslie, C., Fuhrer, R., Hunt, K., Macintyre, S., Shipley, M., and Stansfeld, S.
Subjects:R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
Journal Name:Social Science and Medicine
ISSN:0277-9536

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