Trends in mitigation of industrial waste: Global health hazards, environmental implications and waste derived economy for environmental sustainability

Sharma, P., Gaur, V. K., Gupta, S., Varjani, S., Pandey, A., Gnansounou, E., You, S. , Ngo, H. H. and Wong, J. W. C. (2022) Trends in mitigation of industrial waste: Global health hazards, environmental implications and waste derived economy for environmental sustainability. Science of The Total Environment, 811, 152357. (doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.152357)

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Abstract

Majority of industries, in order to meet the technological development and consumer demands generate waste. The untreated waste spreads out toxic and harmful substances in the environment which serves as a breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms thus causing severe health hazards. The three industrial sectors namely food, agriculture, and oil industry are among the primary organic waste producers that affect urban health and economic growth. Conventional treatment generates a significant amount of greenhouse gases which further contributes to global warming. Thus, the use of microbes for utilization of this waste, liberating CO2 offers an indispensable tool. The simultaneous production of value-added products such as bioplastics, biofuels, and biosurfactants increases the economics of the process and contributes to environmental sustainability. This review comprehensively summarized the composition of organic waste generated from the food, agriculture, and oil industry. The linkages between global health hazards of industrial waste and environmental implications have been uncovered. Stare-of-the-art information on their subsequent utilization as a substrate to produce value-added products through bio-routes has been elaborated. The research gaps, economical perspective(s), and future research directions have been identified and discussed to strengthen environmental sustainability.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:You, Dr Siming
Authors: Sharma, P., Gaur, V. K., Gupta, S., Varjani, S., Pandey, A., Gnansounou, E., You, S., Ngo, H. H., and Wong, J. W. C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Science of The Total Environment
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0048-9697
ISSN (Online):1879-1026
Published Online:16 December 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Science of The Total Environment 811: 152357
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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