Quality of life in people with type 2 diabetes; a study in a multi-ethnic clinical trial population

Kulkarni, S., Welsh, P. , Ali, M. and Petrie, J. R. (2021) Quality of life in people with type 2 diabetes; a study in a multi-ethnic clinical trial population. British Journal of Diabetes, 21(2), pp. 210-215. (doi: 10.15277/bjd.2021.315)

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Publisher's URL: https://doi.org/10.15277/bjd.2021.315

Abstract

Background: The long-term burden of self-management in type 2 diabetes can impact quality of life. Aims: To examine associations between demographic and clinical factors, anxiety/depression and perception of health in people with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Retrospective analyses of anonymised data from completed clinical trials provided by the diabetes subsection of Virtual International Cardiovascular and Cognitive Trials Archive (VICCTA). Data on demographics, polypharmacy, HbA1c, anxiety/depression (EQ-5D-3L) and perception of health (EQ-5D-3L VAS) were extracted. Regression analyses explored associations amongst polypharmacy, HbA1c and quality of life (anxiety/depression and health perception) at baseline. Results: In 2783 participants with type 2 diabetes (median age 66 years (IQR 61–70), n=1,595 (57%) male), female sex and Caucasian/European ethnicity were each associated with increased anxiety/depression and lower EQ-5D-3L VAS scores. Following adjustment for covariates, each additional prescribed medication was associated with increased anxiety/depression: OR 1.09 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.14; p<0.001) and lower VAS scores: B= −1.06 (95% CI −1.37 to −0.75, p<0.001)). Conclusion: Demographic factors and polypharmacy are associated with anxiety/depression and lower health perception.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Access to VICCTA-Diabetes was funded by the BSc (MedSci) intercalated degree programme at the University of Glasgow.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Welsh, Dr Paul and Ali, Dr Myzoon and Petrie, Professor John
Authors: Kulkarni, S., Welsh, P., Ali, M., and Petrie, J. R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:British Journal of Diabetes
Publisher:Association of British Clinical Diabetologists
ISSN:2397-6233
ISSN (Online):2397-6241
Published Online:05 December 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Association of British Clinical Diabetologists
First Published:First published in British Journal of Diabetes 21(2): 210-215
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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