Enlighten
Research publications by members of the University of Glasgow
home > services > Enlighten

Question wording effects in the assessment of global self-esteem

Dunbar, M., Ford, G., Hunt, K., and Der, G. (2000) Question wording effects in the assessment of global self-esteem. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 16 (1). pp. 13-19. ISSN 1015-5759 (doi:10.1027//1015-5759.16.1.13)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1027//1015-5759.16.1.13

Abstract

Marsh (1996) produced evidence that method effects associated with negatively worded items might be responsible for the results of earlier factor analytic studies that reported finding positive and negative self-esteem factors in the Rosenberg Global self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965). He analyzed data collected from children using a 7-item self-esteem measure. This report details attempts to replicate Marsh's analysis in data collected from two samples of adults who completed the full 10-item Global Self-Esteem (GSE) scale. The results reported here are similar to those given by Marsh in so much as a correlated uniquenesses model produced a superior fit to the data than the simple one factor model (without correlated uniquenesses) or the often reported two factor (positive and negative self-esteem) model. However, whilst Marsh reported that the best fit was produced by allowing negative item uniquenesses to correlate with each other, the model that produced the best fit to these data was one that contained correlated positive item uniquenesses. Supporting his claim that differential responding to negative and positive self-esteem items reflects a method effect associated with reading ability, Marsh also showed that factors associated with negative and positive items were most distinct among children who had poor reading scores. We report a similar effect among a sample of older adults where the correlation between these factors was compared across two groups who were selected according to their scores on a test of verbal reasoning.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Der, Mr Geoffrey and Hunt, Prof Kathryn
Authors: Dunbar, M., Ford, G., Hunt, K., and Der, G.
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:European Journal of Psychological Assessment
ISSN:1015-5759

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record