Mutant p53 drives metastasis and overcomes growth arrest/senescence in pancreatic cancer

Morton, J.P. et al. (2010) Mutant p53 drives metastasis and overcomes growth arrest/senescence in pancreatic cancer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(1), pp. 246-251. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0908428107)

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Abstract

TP53 mutation occurs in 50–75% of human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) following an initiating activating mutation in the KRAS gene. These p53 mutations frequently result in expression of a stable protein, p53R175H, rather than complete loss of protein expression. In this study we elucidate the functions of mutant p53 (Trp53R172H), compared to knockout p53 (Trp53fl), in a mouse model of PDAC. First we find that although KrasG12D is one of the major oncogenic drivers of PDAC, most KrasG12D-expressing pancreatic cells are selectively lost from the tissue, and those that remain form premalignant lesions. Loss, or mutation, of Trp53 allows retention of the KrasG12D-expressing cells and drives rapid progression of these premalignant lesions to PDAC. This progression is consistent with failed growth arrest and/or senescence of premalignant lesions, since a mutant of p53, p53R172P, which can still induce p21 and cell cycle arrest, is resistant to PDAC formation. Second, we find that despite similar kinetics of primary tumor formation, mutant p53R172H, as compared with genetic loss of p53, specifically promotes metastasis. Moreover, only mutant p53R172H-expressing tumor cells exhibit invasive activity in an in vitro assay. Importantly, in human PDAC, p53 accumulation significantly correlates with lymph node metastasis. In summary, by using ‘knock-in’ mutations of Trp53 we have identified two critical acquired functions of a stably expressed mutant form of p53 that drive PDAC; first, an escape from KrasG12D-induced senescence/growth arrest and second, the promotion of metastasis.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jamieson, Dr Nigel and Oien, Dr Karin and Timpson, Dr Paul and Evans, Professor Thomas and Athineos, Mr Dimitris and Morton, Dr Jennifer and Doyle, Dr Brendan and Ridgway, Dr Rachel and Karim, Ms Saadia and Sansom, Professor Owen
Authors: Morton, J.P., Timpson, P., Karim, S.A., Ridgway, R.A., Athineos, D., Doyle, B., Jamieson, N.B., Oien, K.A., Lowy, A.M., Brunton, V.G., Frame, M.C., Evans, T.R.J., and Sansom, O.J.
Subjects:R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Journal Abbr.:PNAS
ISSN:0027-8424
ISSN (Online):1091-6490
Published Online:14 December 2009

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