A neuromorphic model with delay-based reservoir for continuous ventricular heartbeat detection

Liang, X., Li, H., Vuckovic, A., Mercer, J. and Heidari, H. (2021) A neuromorphic model with delay-based reservoir for continuous ventricular heartbeat detection. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, (doi: 10.1109/TBME.2021.3129306) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

There is a growing interest in neuromorphic hardware since it oers a more intuitive way to achieve bio-inspired algorithms. This paper presents a neuromorphic model for intelligently processing continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. This model aims to develop a hardware-based signal processing model and avoid employing digitally intensive operations, such as signal segmentation and feature extraction, which are not desired in an analogue neuromorphic system. We apply delay-based reservoir computing as the information processing core, along with a novel training and labelling method. Dierent from the conventional ECG classication techniques, this computation model is an end-to-end dynamic system that mimics the real-time signal ow in neuromorphic hardware. The input is the raw ECG stream, while the amplitude of the output represents the risk factor of a ventricular ectopic heartbeat. The intrinsic memristive property of the reservoir empowers the system to retain the historical ECG information for high-dimensional mapping. This model was evaluated with the MIT-BIH database under the inter-patient paradigm and yields 81% sensitivity and 98% accuracy. Under this architecture, the minimum size of memory required in the inference process can be as low as 3.1 MegaByte(MB) because the majority of the computation takes place in the analogue domain. Such computational modelling boosts memory eciency by simplifying the computing procedure and minimizing the required memory for future wearable devices.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liang, Xiangpeng and Li, Haobo and Heidari, Dr Hadi and Mercer, Dr John and Vuckovic, Dr Aleksandra
Authors: Liang, X., Li, H., Vuckovic, A., Mercer, J., and Heidari, H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:0018-9294
ISSN (Online):1558-2531
Published Online:19 November 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 2021
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
304896EPSRC-IAA: Early Stage Commercialisation of a PET Imaging Agent for the Detection of Cardiovascular Disease and CancerAndrew SutherlandEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/R511705/1Chemistry