A planetary health perspective on agroforestry in Sub-Saharan Africa

Rosenstock, T. S. et al. (2019) A planetary health perspective on agroforestry in Sub-Saharan Africa. One Earth, 1(3), pp. 330-344. (doi: 10.1016/j.oneear.2019.10.017)

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Abstract

Human activities change the structure and function of the environment with cascading impacts on human health, a concept known as “planetary health.” Agroforestry—the management of trees with crops and livestock—alters microclimates, hydrology, biogeochemistry, and biodiversity. Besides the nutritional benefits of increased fruit consumption, however, the ways agroforestry affects human health are rarely articulated. This review makes that link. We analyze the pathways through which tree-based farm and landscape change affect food and nutrition security, the spread of infectious disease, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, and human migration in Sub-Saharan Africa. The available evidence suggests that, despite some increased risks of infectious disease, agroforestry is likely to improve a diverse range of pressing health concerns. We therefore examine the factors determining agroforestry use and identify three drivers of social and environmental change that will determine the future uptake of agroforestry in the region.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fornace, Dr Kimberly
Creator Roles:
Fornace, K.Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Rosenstock, T. S., Dawson, I. K., Aynekulu, E., Chomba, S., Degrande, A., Fornace, K., Jamnadass, R., Kimaro, A., Kindt, R., Lamanna, C., Malesu, M., Mausch, K., McMullin, S., Murage, P., Namoi, N., Njenga, M., Nyoka, I., Paez Valencia, A. M., Sola, P., Shepherd, K., and Steward, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:One Earth
Publisher:Elsevier (Cell Press)
ISSN:2590-3330
ISSN (Online):2590-3322
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in One Earth 1(3): 330-344
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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