Reconstruction of residential land cover and spatial analysis of population in Bursa region (Turkey) in the mid-nineteenth century

Ustaoglu, E. and Kabadayı, M. E. (2021) Reconstruction of residential land cover and spatial analysis of population in Bursa region (Turkey) in the mid-nineteenth century. Land, 10(10), 1077. (doi: 10.3390/land10101077)

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The historic reconstruction of residential land cover is of significance to uncover the human-environment relationship and its changing dynamics. Taking into account the historical census data and cadastral maps of seven villages, this study generated residential land cover maps for the Bursa Region in the 1850s using a model based on natural constraints, land zoning, socio-economic factors and residential suitability. Two different historical reconstructions were generated; one based on a high density residential model and another based on a low density model. The simulated landcover information was used as an ancillary data to redistribute aggregated census counts to fine scale raster cells. Two different statistical models were developed; one based on probability maps and the other applying regression models including Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) models. The regression models were validated with historical census data of the 1840s. From regression models, socio-economic and physical characteristics, accessibility and natural amenities showed significant impacts on the distribution of population. Model validation analysis revealed that GWR is more accurate than OLS models. The generated residential land cover and gridded population datasets can provide a basis for the historical study of population and land use.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study is a research outcome of the ERC-Starting Grant project, UrbanOccupationsOETR, Industrialisation and Urban Growth from the mid-nineteenth century Ottoman Empire to Contemporary Turkey in a Comparative Perspective, 1850–2000, hosted by Koç University and funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 679097).
Keywords:Historic reconstruction, residential land cover, census data, socio-economic and physical factors, accessibility, natural amenities, population mapping, Bursa region, Turkey.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:KABADAYI, Dr ERDEM
Creator Roles:
Kabadayı, M. E.Conceptualization, Methodology, Validation, Resources, Data curation, Writing – review and editing, Supervision, Project administration, Funding acquisition
Authors: Ustaoglu, E., and Kabadayı, M. E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Land
ISSN (Online):2073-445X
Published Online:13 October 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Land 10(10): 1077
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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