Workload management for air-cooled data centers: An energy and exergy based approach

Gupta, R. , Moazamigoodarzi, H., MirhoseiniNejad, S., Down, D. G. and Puri, I. K. (2020) Workload management for air-cooled data centers: An energy and exergy based approach. Energy, 209, 118485. (doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2020.118485)

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Abstract

The energy required to cool an air-cooled data center (DC) contributes significantly to the cost of operation, which is further exacerbated due to a poor choice of cooling architecture and ineffective IT workload management. Although existing algorithms reduce energy consumption, they do not minimize thermodynamic irreversibility by design. We provide a tradeoff approach that simultaneously minimizes power usage effectiveness PUE and maximizes the exergy efficiency h2nd. The temperature field is predicted inside a contained single-rack DC that is equipped with a rack-mountable cooling unit (RMCU) based on a mechanical resistance model for the fluid flow. This thermal model informs a multi-objective optimization framework based on a genetic algorithm to determine the optimal decision variables and tradeoffs for PUE and h2nd. We investigate the interrelated effects of (1) guidelines that ensure the reliability of the IT equipment, (2) overall network traffic load, (3) spatial IT load distribution, (4) changes in cooling system variables, and (5) multi-objective optimization. Results for the single rack system are presented in a scalable dimensionless form that is applicable for a multi-rack DC containing RMCUs. By considering the first and second laws of thermodynamics, this novel approach improves workload scheduling from both energy and exergy perspectives.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by research assistantship provided by McMaster University and financial support from the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) through a Collaborative Research and Development grant CRDPJ514338-17.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gupta, Mr Rohit
Creator Roles:
Gupta, R.Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Validation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – original draft, Visualization, Resources
Authors: Gupta, R., Moazamigoodarzi, H., MirhoseiniNejad, S., Down, D. G., and Puri, I. K.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Energy
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-5442
ISSN (Online):1873-6785
Published Online:04 August 2020

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