Evaluation of four molecular methods to detect Leishmania infection in dogs

Albuquerque, A. , Campino, L., Cardoso, L. and Cortes, S. (2017) Evaluation of four molecular methods to detect Leishmania infection in dogs. Parasites and Vectors, 10, 57. (doi: 10.1186/s13071-017-2002-2) (PMID:28285595) (PMCID:PMC5346836)

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Background: Canine leishmaniasis, a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum vectored by phlebotomine sand flies, is considered a relevant veterinary and public health problem in various countries, namely in the Mediterranean basin and Brazil, where dogs are considered the main reservoir hosts. Not only diseased dogs but also those subclinically infected play a relevant role in the transmission of L. infantum to vectors; therefore, early diagnosis is essential, under both a clinical and an epidemiological perspective. Molecular tools can be a more accurate and sensitive approach for diagnosis, with a wide range of protocols currently in use. The aim of the present report was to compare four PCR based protocols for the diagnosis of canine Leishmania infection in a cohort of dogs from the Douro region, Portugal. Results: A total of 229 bone marrow samples were collected from dogs living in the Douro region, an endemic region for leishmaniasis. Four PCR protocols were evaluated for Leishmania DNA detection in canine samples, three single (ITS1-PCR, MC-PCR and Uni21/Lmj4-PCR) and one nested (nested SSU rRNA-PCR). Two of the protocols were based on nuclear targets and the other two on kinetoplastid targets. The higher overall percentage of infected dogs was detected with the nested SSU rRNA-PCR (37.6%), which also was able to detect Leishmania DNA in a higher number of samples from apparently healthy dogs (25.3%). The ITS1-PCR presented the lowest level of Leishmania detection. Conclusions: Nested SSU rRNA-PCR is an appropriate method to detect Leishmania infection in dogs. Accurate and early diagnosis in clinically suspect as well as apparently healthy dogs is essential, in order to treat and protect animals and public health and contribute to the control and awareness of the disease.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Albuquerque-Wendt, Ms Andreia
Authors: Albuquerque, A., Campino, L., Cardoso, L., and Cortes, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Infection & Immunity
Journal Name:Parasites and Vectors
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN (Online):1756-3305
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Parasites and Vectors 10: 57
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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