Detection of Peptostreptococcus micros DNA in clinical samples by PCR

Riggio, M.P. , Lennon, A. and Smith, A.J. (2001) Detection of Peptostreptococcus micros DNA in clinical samples by PCR. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 50(3), 249 -254.

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://jmm.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/50/3/249

Abstract

Peptostreptococcus micros is a gram-positive anaerobic coccus which, although considered to be a natural commensal of the human oral cavity, is associated with periodontal, endodontal and peritonsillar infections. Identification of the organism has to date relied upon conventional culture methods and biochemical analyses. The purpose of this study was to develop a PCR method for rapid and specific identification of this organism in clinical samples. A pair of primers was selected, each of which was specific at the 3' end for P. micros DNA; they were used in the PCR assay, resulting in a 1074-bp product. The primers were shown to be specific for P. micros DNA as no PCR products were obtained when genomic DNA extracts from a wide range of other Peptostreptococcus species and other oral bacteria were used as templates. The PCR assay was then applied to the identification of P. micros DNA in subgingival plaque samples from adult periodontitis patients and pus samples from subjects with acute dento-alveolar abscesses. Confirmation of specific amplification of P. micros DNA was obtained by digestion of PCR products with the restriction endonuclease RsaI, which gives a unique restriction profile for P. micros, and DNA sequencing. Sixty-eight subgingival plaque samples from 18 patients were analysed, of which 19 (28%) were positive for P. micros DNA; the proportion of patients carrying P. micros DNA in at least one sampled site was 11 (61%) of 18. Twenty (71%) of 28 pus samples analysed by PCR contained P. micros DNA. These results confirm that P. micros may be involved in the aetiology of acute dentoalveolar abscesses and adult periodontitis. The PCR assay provides a more rapid and reliable alternative to conventional methods for identification of P. micros in clinical samples.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lennon, Mr Alan and Riggio, Dr Marcello
Authors: Riggio, M.P., Lennon, A., and Smith, A.J.
Subjects:R Medicine > RK Dentistry
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Medical Microbiology
ISSN:0022-2615

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record