Women in Whistler’s images of Chelsea and the Thames

de Montfort, P. (2022) Women in Whistler’s images of Chelsea and the Thames. British Art Studies, (In Press)

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Abstract

Women are an active, if often low-key presence in Whistler’s Thames images, from ghostly figures of models and fashionable strolling women to the small traders who populated the streets near his home in Chelsea. Women shopped for their families; they worked outside the home as servants, nursemaids, shop assistants and in family trades. They travelled along the river daily and criss-crossed its banks in a changing cityscape in which new spaces for leisure were being opened up. They sought a living in a night-time world of entertainment venues like Vauxhall Gardens and Cremorne that could lead to exploitation, disease and an early grave. This world beyond Whistler’s Chelsea homes, overseen during the 1860s by his model and partner, Joanna Hiffernan (and by his mother, Anna Whistler for a time), is often overlooked. Moreover, Whistler’s suggestion that the presence of tiny anonymised female figures in works like Variations in Pink and Grey: Chelsea and Cremorne Gardens, No. 2 was merely about colour and establishing a balance of decorative elements invites fresh analysis. This essay takes as its starting point women’s domestic presence in Whistler’s riverside home and family circle before venturing outdoors to explore the day-to-day outer world they inhabited along the Thames at Chelsea. It considers such questions as: how did the women experience these transitional moments in the life of the river? How did they occupy its adjacent streets and public spaces? Drawing upon examples of Whistler’s Thames subjects from the 1870s and the work of chroniclers of social change like Chelsea photographer James Hedderly (1815-1885), it examines the world of these women in the context of visual, literary and socio-economic discourses of the period. It seeks to give voice to their presence beneath the quiet surface of Whistler’s images and how, as ‘involuntary neighbours,’ they made sense of the watery, arterial world of London’s celebrated river.

Item Type:Articles
Status:In Press
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:de Montfort, Dr Patricia
Authors: de Montfort, P.
Subjects:N Fine Arts > N Visual arts (General) For photography, see TR
College/School:College of Arts > School of Culture and Creative Arts > History of Art
Journal Name:British Art Studies
Publisher:Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art and the Yale Center for British Art
ISSN:2058-5462
ISSN (Online):2058-5462

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