Non-communicable diseases deaths attributable to high body mass index in Chile

Riquelme, R., Rezende, L. F. M., Guzmán-Habinger, J., Chávez, J. L., Celis-Morales, C. , Ferreccio, C. and Ferrari, G. (2021) Non-communicable diseases deaths attributable to high body mass index in Chile. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 15500. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-94974-z) (PMID:34326435) (PMCID:PMC8322050)

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Abstract

We estimated the proportion and number of deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCD) attributable to high body mass index (BMI) in Chile in 2018. We used data from 5927 adults from a 2016–2017 Chilean National Health Survey to describe the distribution of BMI. We obtained the number of deaths from NCD from the Ministry of Health. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals per 5 units higher BMI for cardiovascular disease, cancer, and respiratory disease were retrieved from the Global BMI Mortality Collaboration meta-analyses. The prevalences of overweight and obesity were 38.9% and 39.1%, respectively. We estimated that reducing population-wide BMI to a theoretical minimum risk exposure level (mean BMI: 22.0 kg/m2; standard deviation: 1) could prevent approximately 21,977 deaths per year (95%CI 13,981–29,928). These deaths represented about 31.6% of major NCD deaths (20.1–43.1) and 20.4% of all deaths (12.9–27.7) that occurred in 2018. Most of these preventable deaths were from cardiovascular diseases (11,474 deaths; 95% CI 7302–15,621), followed by cancer (5597 deaths; 95% CI 3560–7622) and respiratory disease (4906 deaths; 95% CI 3119–6684). A substantial burden of NCD deaths was attributable to high BMI in Chile. Policies and population-wide interventions are needed to reduce the burden of NCD due to high BMI in Chile.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos
Authors: Riquelme, R., Rezende, L. F. M., Guzmán-Habinger, J., Chávez, J. L., Celis-Morales, C., Ferreccio, C., and Ferrari, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Scientific Reports
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN:2045-2322
ISSN (Online):2045-2322
Copyright Holders:Copyright © The Author(s) 2021
First Published:First published in Scientific Reports 11(1):15500
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence

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