Fractional flow reserve derived from computed tomography coronary angiography in the assessment and management of stable chest pain: the FORECAST randomized trial

Curzen, N. et al. (2021) Fractional flow reserve derived from computed tomography coronary angiography in the assessment and management of stable chest pain: the FORECAST randomized trial. European Heart Journal, (doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehab444) (PMID:34269376) (Early Online Publication)

[img] Text
248513.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 16 July 2022.

347kB

Abstract

Aims: Fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) using computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) determines both the presence of coronary artery disease and vessel-specific ischaemia. We tested whether an evaluation strategy based on FFRCT would improve economic and clinical outcomes compared with standard care. Methods and Results:  Overall, 1400 patients with stable chest pain in 11 centres were randomized to initial testing with CTCA with selective FFRCT (experimental group) or standard clinical care pathways (standard group). The primary endpoint was total cardiac costs at 9 months; secondary endpoints were angina status, quality of life, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, and use of invasive coronary angiography. Randomized patients were similar at baseline. Most patients had an initial CTCA: 439 (63%) in the standard group vs. 674 (96%) in the experimental group, 254 of whom (38%) underwent FFRCT. Mean total cardiac costs were higher by £114 (+8%) in the experimental group, with a 95% confidence interval from -£112 (-8%) to +£337 (+23%), though the difference was not significant (P = 0.10). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events did not differ significantly (10.2% in the experimental group vs. 10.6% in the standard group) and angina and quality of life improved to a similar degree over follow-up in both randomized groups. Invasive angiography was reduced significantly in the experimental group (19% vs. 25%, P = 0.01). Conclusion:  A strategy of CTCA with selective FFRCT in patients with stable angina did not differ significantly from standard clinical care pathways in cost or clinical outcomes, but did reduce the use of invasive coronary angiography.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:G.P.M. is supported by an NIHR Research Professorship (2017-08-ST2-007) and by the NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre and the NIHR Leicester Clinical Research Facility.
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Berry, Professor Colin and Ford, Professor Ian
Authors: Curzen, N., Nicholas, Z., Stuart, B., Wilding, S., Hill, K., Shambrook, J., Eminton, Z., Ball, D., Barrett, C., Johnson, L., Nuttall, J., Fox, K., Connolly, D., O'Kane, P., Hobson, A., Chauhan, A., Uren, N., Mccann, G. P., Berry, C., Carter, J., Roobottom, C., Mamas, M., Rajani, R., Ford, I., Douglas, P., and Hlatky, M. A.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:European Heart Journal
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1522-9645
ISSN (Online):1522-9645
Published Online:16 July 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Heart Journal 2021
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record