Dense granular flows in rotating drums: a computational investigation of constitutive equations

Povall, T.M., Govender, I. and McBride, A.T. (2021) Dense granular flows in rotating drums: a computational investigation of constitutive equations. Powder Technology, 393, pp. 238-249. (doi: 10.1016/j.powtec.2021.07.051)

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Novel 3D measures of compressibility and isotropy (coaxiality and collinearity) are proposed to test constitutive laws of rotating drum flows using the DEM with the μ(I) rheology is tested. The coaxiality measure produces a lower occurrence frequency than the equivalent 2D simulation for nearly all angular separations, while the collinearity measure shows minimal deviation. The high degree of isotropy is facilitated by compressibility across the gravity-driven, flowing layer, and a non-zero volumetric component of the velocity gradient tensor near the bottom of the densely-packed rising en-masse layer. 3D simulations facilitate compressibility which ultimately leads to better regularisation of the equations. An empirically-derived friction law produces statistically better fits when compared to several other friction laws proposed in the literature; however, all models fail to capture the behaviour at very low inertial numbers. The failure suggests gross instability in the governing equations which is the signature of ill-posedness and/or shear banding.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The National Research Foundation and the Centre for Minerals Research at the University of Cape Town are acknowledged for funding TP.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McBride, Professor Andrew
Authors: Povall, T.M., Govender, I., and McBride, A.T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Powder Technology
ISSN (Online):1873-328X
Published Online:27 July 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in Powder Technology 393: 238-249
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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