How much communication resource is needed to run a wireless blockchain network?

Zhang, L. , Xu, H. , Onireti, O. , Imran, M. A. and Cao, B. (2021) How much communication resource is needed to run a wireless blockchain network? IEEE Network, (doi: 10.1109/MNET.101.2100208) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

Blockchain is built on a peer-to-peer network that relies on frequent communications among distributively located nodes. In particular, the consensus mechanisms (CMs), which play a pivotal role in blockchain, are communication resource-demanding and largely determine blockchain security bounds (i.e., fault tolerances) and other key performance metrics such as transaction throughput, latency and scalability. Most blockchain systems are designed in a stable wired communication network running in advanced devices under the assumption of sufficient communication resource provision. However, it is envisioned that the majority of blockchain node peers will be connected through the wireless network in the future. Constrained by the highly dynamic wireless channel and scarce frequency spectrum, communication can significantly affect blockchain's key performance metrics. Hence, in this article, we present wireless blockchain networks (WBN) under various commonly used CMs and we answer the question of how much communication resource is needed to run such a network. We first present the role of communication in the four stages of the blockchain procedure. We then discuss the relationship between the communication resource provision and the WBNs performance, for three of the most used blockchain CMs, namely, Proof-of-Work (PoW), practical Byzantine Fault Tolerant (PBFT) and Raft. Finally, we provide analytical and simulated results to show the impact of the communication resource provision on blockchain performance.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zhang, Dr Lei and Imran, Professor Muhammad and Onireti, Oluwakayode and Xu, Mr Hao
Authors: Zhang, L., Xu, H., Onireti, O., Imran, M. A., and Cao, B.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE Network
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:0890-8044
ISSN (Online):1558-156X
Published Online:15 September 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Network 2021
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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