The environmental impacts of plastic pollution

Welden, N. A. (2020) The environmental impacts of plastic pollution. In: Letcher, T. M. (ed.) Plastic Waste and Recycling: Environmental Impact, Societal Issues, Prevention, and Solutions. Academic Press: London, pp. 195-222. ISBN 9780128178805 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-817880-5.00008-6)

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Abstract

Globally, mass production of polymers and poor control of plastic products at end of life have led to annual increases in plastic entering the marine environment. Their durability and density allow plastic to be transported over large distances and to persist for long periods in the marine environment. The proliferation of plastics has resulting in contamination across a range of environments, from remote lakes to the deepest oceans; however, the effects in the marine environment remain the most studied. Here, plastic have been observed to negatively affect habitats by altering species distribution, entangling organisms, and causing damage and even increasing mortality as a result of ingestion. Nevertheless, the increasing number of studies in freshwater environments may help to predict previously unexplored impacts in the marine realm.

Item Type:Book Sections
Keywords:Entanglement, ingestion, litter, macroplastic, marine debris, polymer.
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Welden, Dr Natalie
Authors: Welden, N. A.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:Academic Press
ISBN:9780128178805
Published Online:13 March 2020

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