Wake-tracking and turbulence modelling in computational aerodynamics of wind turbine aerofoils

Campobasso, M.S., Zanon, A., Minisci, E. and Bonfiglioli, A. (2009) Wake-tracking and turbulence modelling in computational aerodynamics of wind turbine aerofoils. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, 223(8), pp. 939-951. (doi:10.1243/09576509JPE778)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/09576509JPE778

Abstract

This article addresses two modelling aspects of wind turbine aerofoil aerodyna-mics based on the solution of the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations. One of these is the effect of an a priori method for structured grid adaptation aimed at improving the wake resolution. The presented results emphasize that the proposed adaptation strategy greatly improves the wake resolution in the far field, whereas the wake is completely diffused by the non-adapted grid with the same number and spacing patterns of grid nodes. The proposed adaptation approach can be easily included in the structured generation process of both commercial and in-house-structured mesh generators. The other numerical aspect examined herein is the impact of particular choices for turbulence modelling on the predicted solution. This includes the comparative analysis of numerical solutions obtained by using different turbulence models, and also aims at quantifying the solution inaccuracy arising from not modelling the laminar-to-turbulent transition. It is found that the drag forces obtained by considering the flow as transitional or fully turbulent may differ by 50 per cent. All these issues are investigated using a special-purpose hyperbolic grid generator and two multi block structured finite volume RANS codes. The numerical experiments consider the flow field past a wind turbine aerofoil for which an exhaustive campaign of steady and unsteady experimental measurements was conducted. The predictive capabilities of the CFD solvers are validated by comparing experimental data and numerical predictions for selected flow regimes. The incompressible analysis and design code XFOIL is also used to support the findings of the comparative analysis of numerical RANS-based results and experimental data.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Turbulance modelling, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes, wind turbines, computational fluid dynamics, shear stress transport, trailing edge
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Campobasso, Dr Michele and Minisci, Dr Edmondo
Authors: Campobasso, M.S., Zanon, A., Minisci, E., and Bonfiglioli, A.
Subjects:T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Journal Name:Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
Publisher:Professional Engineering Publishing
ISSN:0957-6509
ISSN (Online):2041-2967
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2009 Professional Engineering Publishing
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy 223(8):939-951
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the publisher.

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