Concentrated solar thermochemical gasification of biomass: principles, applications, and development

Fang, Y., Paul, M. C. , Varjani, S., Li, X., Park, Y.-K. and You, S. (2021) Concentrated solar thermochemical gasification of biomass: principles, applications, and development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 150, 111484. (doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111484)

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Abstract

Bioenergy production is one of the most reliable strategies for replacing fossil fuels and reducing CO2 emissions. Gasification-based bioenergy generation has been extensively studied; however, it is still facing the challenges of limited energy efficiencies, especially upon small-scale development. Concentrated solar thermochemical gasification of biomass (CSTGB) where the endothermic reactions of gasification are driven by concentrated solar thermal energy serves as a promising solution to improve the efficiency of gasification. This review summarized recent development in modeling concentrated solar thermochemical gasification of biomass, the method of concentrated solar thermal for gasification, and applications and development of concentrated solar thermal biomass gasification. The influences of operating parameters toward the performance of the technology were studied, which determine the optimum parameters for maximizing the energy conversion efficiency of the technology. CSTGB could improve the utilization of biomass feedstocks and the total energy efficiency by 30% and 40%, respectively by effectively storing solar energy in the producer gas as compared to conventional gasification.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:You, Dr Siming and Paul, Professor Manosh and FANG, Yi
Creator Roles:
Fang, Y.Investigation, Writing – original draft, Formal analysis
Paul, M. C.Writing – review and editing
You, S.Conceptualization, Supervision, Project administration, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Fang, Y., Paul, M. C., Varjani, S., Li, X., Park, Y.-K., and You, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1364-0321
ISSN (Online):1879-0690
Published Online:17 July 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 150: 111484
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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