Impact of mitral regurgitation in patients with worsening heart failure: insights from BIOSTAT-CHF

Pagnesi, M. et al. (2021) Impact of mitral regurgitation in patients with worsening heart failure: insights from BIOSTAT-CHF. European Journal of Heart Failure, 23(10), pp. 1750-1758. (doi: 10.1002/ejhf.2276) (PMID:34164895)

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Abstract

Background: Few data regarding the prevalence and prognostic impact of mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with worsening chronic or new-onset acute heart failure (HF) are available. We investigated the role of MR in the BIOlogy Study to TAilored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure (BIOSTAT-CHF). Methods and Results: We performed a retrospective post-hoc analysis including patients from both the index and validation BIOSTAT-CHF cohorts with data regarding MR status. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization. Among 4023 patients included, 1653 patients (41.1%) had moderate–severe MR. Compared to others, patients with moderate–severe MR were more likely to have atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease and had larger left ventricular (LV) dimensions, lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), worse QoL, and higher plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP. A primary outcome event occurred in 697 patients with, compared to 836 patients without, moderate–severe MR (Kaplan–Meier 2-year estimate: 42.2% vs. 35.3%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16–1.41; log-rank p < 0.0001). The association between MR and the primary endpoint remained significant after adjusting for baseline variables and the previously validated BIOSTAT-CHF risk score (adjusted HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.00–1.23; p = 0.041). Subgroup analyses showed a numerically larger impact of MR on primary endpoint in patients with lower LVEF, larger LV end-diastolic diameter, and higher plasma NT-proBNP. Conclusions: Moderate–severe MR is common in patients with worsening chronic or new-onset acute HF and is strongly associated with outcome, independently of other features related to HF severity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Pagnesi, M., Adamo, M., Sama, I. E., Anker, S. D., Cleland, J. G., Dickstein, K., Filippatos, G. S., Lang, C. C., Ng, L. L., Ponikowski, P., Ravera, A., Samani, N. J., Zannad, F., van Veldhuisen, D. J., Voors, A. A., and Metra, M.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1388-9842
ISSN (Online):1879-0844
Published Online:23 June 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Journal of Heart Failure 23(10): 1750-1758
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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