There is life beyond the European Union: revisiting the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States

Carbone, M. (2021) There is life beyond the European Union: revisiting the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States. Third World Quarterly, (doi: 10.1080/01436597.2021.1951608) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

The African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group, established in June 1975 by the Georgetown Agreement, was generally seen as an emanation of the European Union (EU). This article presents a non-EU-centric perspective by discussing various initiatives aimed at fostering intra-ACP cooperation and promoting common ACP positions in international settings. Furthermore, it analyses various threats to the survival of the ACP Group, some linked to its allegedly ineffective performance as an organisation, others related to the rise of competitors, most notably the African Union. Importantly, it delves into the reform process that culminated in the adoption of the revised Georgetown Agreement in December 2019, which transformed the ACP Group into the Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS), with the aim of establishing it as a relevant and influential global actor and reducing its dependence on the EU. In revisiting the evolution of the OACPS, this article identifies an intentions–capability gap, specifically between the often grandiose statements of official discourse and the institutional and financial resources devoted to implementing stated objectives.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Carbone, Professor Maurizio
Authors: Carbone, M.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Journal Name:Third World Quarterly
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0143-6597
ISSN (Online):1360-2241
Published Online:16 September 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Third World Quarterly 2021
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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