Gold digging careers in rural East Africa: small-scale miners’ livelihood choices

Bryceson, D.F. and Jønsson, J.B. (2010) Gold digging careers in rural East Africa: small-scale miners’ livelihood choices. World Development, 38(3), pp. 379-392. (doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.09.003)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.09.003

Abstract

Rural livelihood studies over the past two decades have stressed directional movement away from smallholder agriculture and the diffuse, ad hoc, uncertain, and low-earning character of most rural non-agricultural income diversification. Based on a recent survey of small-scale mining in Tanzania, this article documents the higher risks, greater potential earnings, more elaborate division of labor, and career trajectory of miners. Tracing cohort entry groups indicates that those willing to withstand the hardships of moving from one gold strike to another and time commitment to a career considered dangerous and alienated from agrarian traditions of the Tanzanian countryside may be materially rewarded for their efforts.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bryceson, Dr Deborah
Authors: Bryceson, D.F., and Jønsson, J.B.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:World Development
ISSN:0305-750X
ISSN (Online):1873-5991
Published Online:23 October 2009

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
528551Urban Growth and Poverty in Mining AfricaDeborah BrycesonEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/H033521/1SCHOOL OF GEOGRAPHICAL & EARTH SCIENCES