The brachiopod Eoobolus from the early cambrian mural formation (Canadian Rocky Mountains)

Balthasar, U. (2009) The brachiopod Eoobolus from the early cambrian mural formation (Canadian Rocky Mountains). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 83(3), pp. 407-418. (doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0026-4)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12542-009-0026-4

Abstract

The Early Cambrian brachiopod, Eoobolus, is one of the first representatives of the superfamily, Linguloidea, the defining characteristics of which include the classical morphology of oval shells and a pedicle that emerges from between the two valves. The material described here from the Mural Formation (Jasper National Park, Canadian Rocky Mountains) provides well-preserved muscle scars and larval shells that allow a discussion of the muscle system and the larval morphology of Eoobolus. The dorsal larval shell exhibits a morphology similar to other Cambrian linguloids, but also to paterinids, Mickwitzia muralensis, and some rhynchonelliforms. This suggests that there was a lesser degree of disparity among brachiopod larvae in the Cambrian than there is today. The muscle system of Eoobolus is similar to other linguloids, but differs from that of Recent lingulids and discinids by having one or two more pairs of oblique muscles. New data on the distribution of features characteristic of the family Eoobolidae question the validity of this family.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Balthasar, Dr Uwe
Authors: Balthasar, U.
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
Q Science > QH Natural history
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Paläontologische Zeitschrift
ISSN:0031-0220
ISSN (Online):1867-6812
Published Online:05 June 2009

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