Urbanization's effects on the urban-rural income gap in China: a meta-regression analysis

Yuan, Y., Wang, M. , Zhu, Y., Huang, X. and Xiong, X. (2020) Urbanization's effects on the urban-rural income gap in China: a meta-regression analysis. Land Use Policy, 99, 104995. (doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104995)

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The considerable gap between urban and rural areas in China has been one of those social problems during the urbanization process. Since the early 2000s, an increasing number of theoretical and empirical studies have discussed the association between urbanization and urban-rural income gap (URIG) in China. However, a very limited consensus has been reached so far, which makes it challenging to support formulating well-informed policies. To identify factors contributing to different conclusions of the effects of urbanization on URIG in China, we conducted a systematic literature review of 29 empirical studies and stepwise meta-regression analysis from 94 direct effect-size estimates. Our findings reveal that while urbanization is associated with larger URIG when URIG is measured via urban-rural income/consumption, urbanization is associated with smaller URIG when URIG is measured with inequality index (e.g., Theil index and/or Gini coefficient). Additionally, financial development is correlated with larger URIG. By contrast, human capital level, agricultural support policy, and farmland scale contribute to narrowing URIG. Finally, we did not find a significant publication bias from the primary studies. This work suggests that it is worth to conduct more in-depth analysis to examine the heterogeneous effects of different indicators of URIG and their associations with other potential driving factors. Future work is suggested to investigate the effects of financial development level, human capital level, agricultural support policy, farmland scale, and urban land scale on the relationship between urbanization and URIG. In the urbanization process, policymakers need to pay attention to the practice of remedying income-based urban-rural inequality.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Ministry of Nature Resources of China (Grant No. 0904/133047), the Major Program of National Fund of Philosophy and Social Science of China (Grant No. 17ZDA061), the Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No.KF2018-08) and the Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. KYCX19_0018).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wang, Dr Mingshu
Creator Roles:
Wang, M.Writing – review and editing, Validation
Authors: Yuan, Y., Wang, M., Zhu, Y., Huang, X., and Xiong, X.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Land Use Policy
ISSN (Online):1873-5754
Published Online:16 September 2020

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