Renal dysfunction in stroke patients: a hospital-based cohort study and systematic review

Rowat, A. , Graham, C. and Dennis, M. (2014) Renal dysfunction in stroke patients: a hospital-based cohort study and systematic review. International Journal of Stroke, 9(5), pp. 633-639. (doi: 10.1111/ijs.12264) (PMID:24621343)

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Abstract

Background and purpose: Renal dysfunction (i.e. a reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR) is commonly found in hospitalized stroke patients but its associations with Patients' characteristics and outcome require further investigation. Methods: We linked clinical data from stroke patients enrolled between 2005 and 2008 into two prospective hospital registers with routine laboratory eGFR data. The eGFR was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease method and renal dysfunction was defined as <60 ml/min/1·73 m2. In addition we systematically reviewed studies investigating the association between eGFR and outcome after stroke. Results: Of 2520 patients who had an eGFR measured on admission hospital, 805 (32%) had renal dysfunction. On multivariate analysis, renal dysfunction was significantly less likely in those with a predicted good outcome (OR 0·27, 95% CI 0·21, 0·36) based on the well-validated six simple variable model. After adjustment for other predictive factors, stroke patients with renal dysfunction were more likely to die in hospital compared with those without (odds ratio 1·59, 95% confidence intervals 1·26, 2·00). Of the 31 studies involving 41 896 participants included in the systematic review, 18 studies found that low eGFR was an independent predictor of death and 6 reported a significant association with death and disability. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that renal dysfunction on admission is common and associated with poor outcomes over the first year. Further work is required to establish to what extent these associations are causal and whether treating impaired renal function improves outcomes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rowat, Dr Anne
Authors: Rowat, A., Graham, C., and Dennis, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Nursing and Health Care
Journal Name:International Journal of Stroke
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1747-4930
ISSN (Online):1747-4949
Published Online:13 March 2014

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