Europe's promise for jobs? Labor market integration of young EU migrant citizens in Germany and the United Kingdom

Spreckelsen, T. F. , Leschke, J. and Seeleib-Kaiser, M. (2018) Europe's promise for jobs? Labor market integration of young EU migrant citizens in Germany and the United Kingdom. In: O'Reilly, J., Leschke, J., Ortlieb, R., Seeleib-Kaiser, M. and Villa, P. (eds.) Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe. Series: International policy exchange. Oxford University Press: New York, pp. 419-442. ISBN 9780190864798 (doi:10.1093/oso/9780190864798.001.0001)

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Abstract

This chapter examines the labor market integration of recent migrant youth from Central and Eastern Europe (EU8) countries, Bulgaria and Romania (EU2), Southern Europe, and the remaining European Union in the German and UK labor markets. The chapter measures levels of employment, income, marginal employment, fixed-term employment, (solo) self-employment, and the skills/qualification mismatch of each group compared to nationals before and after the financial crisis. Despite institutional differences, young EU citizens are well integrated into the respective labor markets (especially in the United Kingdom) in terms of employment rates. However, EU youth migrants’ qualitative labor market integration seems to mirror the existing stratification across regions of Europe: EU8 and EU2 citizens often work in precarious and nonstandard employment, youth from Southern Europe take a middle position, and youth from the remaining EU countries do as well or better on several indicators compared to their native peers.

Item Type:Book Sections
Keywords:Migration, employment, self-employment, skills, income, financial crisis, youth, European Union, nonstandard employment, stratification.
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spreckelsen, Dr Thees
Authors: Spreckelsen, T. F., Leschke, J., and Seeleib-Kaiser, M.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISBN:9780190864798
Published Online:01 January 2019

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