The role of autophagy in varicella zoster virus infection

Heinz, J., Kennedy, P. G.E. and Mogensen, T. H. (2021) The role of autophagy in varicella zoster virus infection. Viruses, 13(6), 1053. (doi: 10.3390/v13061053)

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Autophagy is an evolutionary conserved cellular process serving to degrade cytosolic organelles or foreign material to maintain cellular homeostasis. Autophagy has also emerged as an important process involved in complex interactions with viral pathogens during infection. It has become apparent that autophagy may have either proviral or antiviral roles, depending on the cellular context and the specific virus. While evidence supports an antiviral role of autophagy during certain herpesvirus infections, numerous examples illustrate how herpesviruses may also evade autophagy pathways or even utilize this process to their own advantage. Here, we review the literature on varicella zoster virus (VZV) and autophagy and describe the mechanisms by which VZV may stimulate autophagy pathways and utilize these to promote cell survival or to support viral egress from cells. We also discuss recent evidence supporting an overall antiviral role of autophagy, particularly in relation to viral infection in neurons. Collectively, these studies suggest complex and sometimes opposing effects of autophagy in the context of VZV infection. Much remains to be understood concerning these virus–host interactions and the impact of autophagy on infections caused by VZV.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kennedy, Professor Peter
Authors: Heinz, J., Kennedy, P. G.E., and Mogensen, T. H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Infection & Immunity
Journal Name:Viruses
ISSN (Online):1999-4915
Published Online:02 June 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Viruses 13(6): 1053
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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