An early block in the replication of the atypical bluetongue virus serotype 26 in culicoides cells Is determined by its capsid proteins

Guimerà Busquets, M., Pullinger, G. D., Darpel, K. E., Cooke, L., Armstrong, S., Simpson, J., Palmarini, M. , Fragkoudis, R. and Mertens, P. P. C. (2021) An early block in the replication of the atypical bluetongue virus serotype 26 in culicoides cells Is determined by its capsid proteins. Viruses, 13(5), 919. (doi: 10.3390/v13050919) (PMID:34063508) (PMCID:PMC8156691)

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Abstract

Arboviruses such as bluetongue virus (BTV) replicate in arthropod vectors involved in their transmission between susceptible vertebrate-hosts. The “classical” BTV strains infect and replicate effectively in cells of their insect-vectors (Culicoides biting-midges), as well as in those of their mammalian-hosts (ruminants). However, in the last decade, some “atypical” BTV strains, belonging to additional serotypes (e.g., BTV-26), have been found to replicate efficiently only in mammalian cells, while their replication is severely restricted in Culicoides cells. Importantly, there is evidence that these atypical BTV are transmitted by direct-contact between their mammalian hosts. Here, the viral determinants and mechanisms restricting viral replication in Culicoides were investigated using a classical BTV-1, an “atypical” BTV-26 and a BTV-1/BTV-26 reassortant virus, derived by reverse genetics. Viruses containing the capsid of BTV-26 showed a reduced ability to attach to Culicoides cells, blocking early steps of the replication cycle, while attachment and replication in mammalian cells was not restricted. The replication of BTV-26 was also severely reduced in other arthropod cells, derived from mosquitoes or ticks. The data presented identifies mechanisms and potential barriers to infection and transmission by the newly emerged “atypical” BTV strains in Culicoides.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Palmarini, Professor Massimo
Authors: Guimerà Busquets, M., Pullinger, G. D., Darpel, K. E., Cooke, L., Armstrong, S., Simpson, J., Palmarini, M., Fragkoudis, R., and Mertens, P. P. C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Viruses
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4915
ISSN (Online):1999-4915
Published Online:15 May 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Viruses 13(5): 919
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
174048PALE-BluRoman BiekEuropean Commission (EC)Biek, Dr RomanInstitute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine