Smart sensors to predict entrainment of freshwater mussels: a new tool in freshwater habitat assessment

Curley, E. A.M., Valyrakis, M. , Thomas, R. , Adams, C.E. and Stephen, A. (2021) Smart sensors to predict entrainment of freshwater mussels: a new tool in freshwater habitat assessment. Science of the Total Environment, 787, 147586. (doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147586)

[img] Text
241567.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

1MB

Abstract

1. The quantification and assessment of dynamic hydrogeomorphological processes is crucial in defining suitable habitat for aquatic benthic species. Yet a consistent approach to accurately record and monitor near-bed flow characteristics, remains largely undefined in freshwater ecology. 2. The purpose of this work was to provide a direct, non-intrusive, low-cost and accessible tool to evaluate near-bed incipient flow conditions and predict when flow forcing results in the entrainment of individuals. 3. This study designed, for the first time, an instrumented freshwater mussel, encompassing inertial microelectromechanical sensors (MEMS), housed within Margaritifera margaritifera shells. 4. Following initial calibration of the embedded sensors to ensure accurate detection of three-dimensional displacement, dedicated flume experiments were undertaken to assess instrumented shell movement metrics, for a range of flow conditions and shell orientations. 5. Analysis found that data from the sensors' readings could successfully detect, and potentially predict, entrainment events through the examination of variability in recordings of total acceleration, with entrainment risk shown to vary across flowrate, shell orientation and size. 6. Instrumented shells could provide a valuable tool for assisting conservation management of freshwater mussel species: aiding the identification and monitoring of suitable habitat in reintroduction and restoration schemes. Instrumented shells could also assist habitat suitability surveys for a range of freshwater species, intimately linked to the physical environment of freshwater ecosystems. 7. Evidence from this study suggests further research into this tool may yield methods for accurately predicting more complex flow metrics associated with hydraulic stress. It is therefore clear that the potential of this tool is still to be fully investigated.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Curley, Edward and Thomas, Dr Rhian and Valyrakis, Dr Manousos and Adams, Professor Colin
Creator Roles:
Curley, E.A.M.Conceptualization, Methodology, Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – original draft, Visualization
Valyrakis, M.Conceptualization, Validation, Methodology, Resources, Writing – review and editing
Thomas, R.Conceptualization, Writing – review and editing, Supervision, Project administration, Funding acquisition
Adams, C.E.Conceptualization, Supervision
Authors: Curley, E. A.M., Valyrakis, M., Thomas, R., Adams, C.E., and Stephen, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Science of the Total Environment
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0048-9697
ISSN (Online):1879-1026
Published Online:13 May 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Science of the Total Environment 787: 147586
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
173130Investigating the impact of hydrodynamics on the behaviour of the endangered freshwater pearl mussel using field and laboratory approachesRhian ThomasNatural Environment Research Council (NERC)NE/N007743/1GES - Geography