An investigation into the membrane-interactive potential of the Escherichia coli KpsE C-Terminus

Phoenixa, D.A., Brandenburg, K., Harris, F., Seydel, U., Hammarton, T. and Roberts, I.S. (2001) An investigation into the membrane-interactive potential of the Escherichia coli KpsE C-Terminus. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 285(4), pp. 976-980. (doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.5266)

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Abstract

Membrane binding via C-terminal amphiphilic α-helical structure is a novel anchoring mechanism, which has been characterised in a number of prokaryotic carboxypeptidases. Here, we have used graphical and DWIH analyses to ascertain if a similar anchoring mechanism may be utilised by the Escherichia coli KpsE protein in its binding to the periplasmic face of the inner membrane. The results of these analyses have been compared to those obtained for similar analyses of the C-terminal sequences of E. coli penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) PBP5 and PBP6 which, are known to function as amphiphilic α-helical membrane anchors, and of melittin, a known membrane-interactive toxin. We have also used FTIR spectroscopy and lipid phase transition temperature analysis to investigate the interaction of a peptide homologue of KpsE C-terminal region with membrane lipid. Our results suggest that the KpsE C-terminal sequence has the potential to form an amphiphilic α-helix and that this α-helix could feature in the membrane binding of the protein.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hammarton, Dr Tansy
Authors: Phoenixa, D.A., Brandenburg, K., Harris, F., Seydel, U., Hammarton, T., and Roberts, I.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
ISSN:0006-291X
ISSN (Online):1090-2104

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