A novel surgical model for the preclinical assessment of the osseointegration of dental implants: a surgical protocol and pilot study results

AlOtaibi, N. M. , Dunne, M., Ayoub, A. F. and Naudi, K. B. (2021) A novel surgical model for the preclinical assessment of the osseointegration of dental implants: a surgical protocol and pilot study results. Journal of Translational Medicine, 19(1), 276. (doi: 10.1186/s12967-021-02944-w) (PMID:34183031)

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Abstract

Background: Dental implants are considered the gold standard replacement for missing natural teeth. The successful clinical performance of dental implants is due to their ability to osseointegrate with the surrounding bone. Most dental implants are manufactured from Titanium and it alloys. Titanium does however have some shortcomings so alternative materials are frequently being investigated. Effective preclinical studies are essential to transfer the innovations from the benchtop to the patients. Many preclinical studies are carried out in the extra-oral bones of small animal models to assess the osseointegration of the newly developed materials. This does not simulate the oral environment where the dental implants are subjected to several factors that influence osseointegration; therefore, they can have limited clinical value. Aim: This study aimed to develop an appropriate in-vivo model for dental implant research that mimic the clinical setting. The study evaluated the applicability of the new model and investigated the impact of the surgical procedure on animal welfare. Materials and methods: The model was developed in male New Zealand white rabbits. The implants were inserted in the extraction sockets of the secondary incisors in the maxilla. The model allows a split-mouth comparative analysis. The implants’ osseointegration was assessed clinically, radiographically using micro-computed tomography (µ-CT), and histologically. A randomised, controlled split-mouth design was conducted in 6 rabbits. A total of twelve implants were inserted. In each rabbit, two implants; one experimental implant on one side, and one control implant on the other side were applied. Screw-shaped implants were used with a length of 8 mm and a diameter of 2 mm. Results: All the rabbits tolerated the surgical procedure well. The osseointegration was confirmed clinically, histologically and radiographically. Quantitative assessment of bone volume and mineral density was measured in the peri-implant bone tissues. The findings suggest that the new preclinical model is excellent, facilitating a comprehensive evaluation of osseointegration of dental implants in translational research pertaining to the human application. Conclusion: The presented model proved to be safe, reproducible and required basic surgical skills to perform.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study is supported by a studentship for one of the authors from King Saud University (KSU) through the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) Scholarship, Saudi Arabia.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ayoub, Professor Ashraf and Dunne, Mr Michael and AlOtaibi, Dr Noura and Busuttil Naudi, Dr Kurt
Authors: AlOtaibi, N. M., Dunne, M., Ayoub, A. F., and Naudi, K. B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Translational Medicine
Publisher:BMC
ISSN:1479-5876
ISSN (Online):1479-5876
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Translational Medicine 19(1):276
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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