Architected poly(lactic acid)/poly(ε-caprolactone)/halloysite nanotube composite scaffolds enabled by 3D printing for biomedical applications

Alam, F., Verma, P., Mohammad, W., Teo, J., Varadarajan, K.M. and Kumar, S. (2021) Architected poly(lactic acid)/poly(ε-caprolactone)/halloysite nanotube composite scaffolds enabled by 3D printing for biomedical applications. Journal of Materials Science, 56(25), pp. 14070-14083. (doi: 10.1007/s10853-021-06145-0)

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Abstract

Herein, we report the physicochemical, thermal, mechanical and biological characteristics, including bioactivity, biodegradation and cytocompatibility of additive manufacturing-enabled novel nanocomposite scaffolds. The scaffolds comprise a blend of polylactic acid (PLA) and poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) reinforced with halloysite nanotubes (HNTs). The nanoengineered filaments were developed by melt blending, and the nanocomposite scaffolds were manufactured by fused filament fabrication. Uniform dispersion of HNTs in the PLA/PCL blend is revealed via scanning electron microscopy. Mechanical property loss due to the addition of PCL to realize a suitable biodegradation rate of PLA was fully recovered by the addition of HNTs. Bioactivity, as revealed by the fraction of apatite growth quantified from XRD analysis, was 5.4, 6.3, 6.8 and 7.1% for PLA, 3, 5 and 7 wt% HNT in PLA/PCL blend, respectively, evidencing enhancement in the bioactivity. The degradation rate, in terms of weight loss, was reduced from 4.6% (PLA) to 1.3% (PLA/PCL) upon addition of PCL, which gradually increased to 4.4% by the addition of HNTs (at 7 wt% HNT). The results suggest that the biodegradation rate, mechanical properties and biological characteristics, including cytocompatibility and cell adhesion, of the 3D printed, microarchitected PLA/PCL/HNT composite scaffolds can be tuned by an appropriate combination of HNT and PCL content in the PLA matrix, demonstrating their promise for bone replacement and regeneration applications.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was funded by Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) (Award No: EX2016-000010).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kumar, Dr Shanmugam
Authors: Alam, F., Verma, P., Mohammad, W., Teo, J., Varadarajan, K.M., and Kumar, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Journal of Materials Science
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0022-2461
ISSN (Online):1573-4803
Published Online:27 May 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Materials Science 56(25): 14070-14083
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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