Primary multifocal muscular T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement in a dog: a case report and review of the literature

Lopes, M. G., Marchesi, F. , Haining, H. and Morris, J. S. (2021) Primary multifocal muscular T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement in a dog: a case report and review of the literature. Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 50(4), pp. 584-588. (doi: 10.1111/vcp.13021) (PMID:34693549)

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Abstract

Canine lymphoma represents a heterogeneous group of lymphoid neoplasms, with multicentric nodal lymphoma being the most common presentation. Musculoskeletal involvement is uncommon, and primary muscular lymphoma is a very rare presentation. Only a few cases have been described in dogs, which were of variable classification and immunophenotype. Here, we report the case of a 5-year-old female neutered Beagle that presented with an intramuscular mass on the right shoulder and associated lameness and lethargy. One month after initial presentation, multiple cutaneous nodules appeared on the head, and staging with advanced imaging revealed additional masses affecting other muscles. Cytology, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and PCR for antigen receptor rearrangements of one of the muscle masses and skin lesions supported a diagnosis of peripheral T-cell lymphoma with large granular lymphocytes at both sites. The dog was euthanized after diagnosis due to the poor prognosis. This is the first report of primary muscular peripheral T-cell lymphoma with large granular lymphocytes and cutaneous involvement in the dog. Despite being a rare presentation, lymphoma must be considered a differential in dogs presenting with a discrete, intramuscular, soft tissue mass.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morris, Professor Joanna and Lopes, Ms Mariana and Marchesi, Dr Francesco and Haining, Dr Hayley
Authors: Lopes, M. G., Marchesi, F., Haining, H., and Morris, J. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0275-6382
ISSN (Online):1939-165X
Published Online:24 October 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Veterinary Clinical Pathology 50(4): 584-588
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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