Intercultural education in times of restricted travel: lessons from the Gaza Strip

Imperiale, M. G. (2021) Intercultural education in times of restricted travel: lessons from the Gaza Strip. Intercultural Communication Education, 4(1), pp. 22-38. (doi: 10.29140/ice.v4.n1.446)

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This article draws upon a research project on intercultural language education conducted online between 2014 and 2017 with people living in the Gaza Strip (Palestine). Because the Gaza Strip has been under blockade since 2007, people cannot travel in and out freely. This context thus prompts educators and scholars to reflect on intercultural competence from a context of protracted crisis and of forced immobility. This study considers pre-service and in-service English teachers’ understandings of intercultural competence and how these educators encourage intercultural communicative competence (ICC) in their classrooms in the Gaza Strip, where neither teachers, nor students, may have travelled abroad or experienced a face-to-face intercultural encounter. Based on this analysis, this article argues that frameworks for intercultural education and ICC need to capture non-movement and the lack of face-to-face intercultural encounters as agentic in definitions of interculturality. In other words, ICC should be conceptualised in terms of the actual freedoms and opportunities that individuals have to develop and nurture it. In order to propose such a model, this article connects ICC with the capabilities approach (Nussbaum, 2011; Sen, 1999), the capability of mobility (de Haas, 2010), and with the capacity to aspire (Appadurai, 2004).

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The doctoral research project on which this article is based was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK) large grant Researching Multilingually at the Borders of Language, the Body, Law and the State through the Translating Cultures Programme. [AHRC Grant Ref: AH/L006936/1].
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Imperiale, Dr Maria Grazia
Authors: Imperiale, M. G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Education
Journal Name:Intercultural Communication Education
Publisher:Castledown Publishers
ISSN (Online):2209-1041
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 Maria Grazia Imperiale
First Published:First published in Intercultural Communication Education 4(1):22-38
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
190676Researching Multilingually at the Borders of Language, the Body, Law, and the StateAlison PhippsArts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)AH/L006936/1ED - Education