Witnesses and guarantors

Varga, A. (2021) Witnesses and guarantors. In: Weller, M., Retter, M. and Varga, A. (eds.) International Law and Peace Settlements. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, pp. 211-236. ISBN 9781108498043 (doi: 10.1017/9781108627856.011)

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While third states and international organisations often co-sign peace agreements in the capacity of witnesses or guarantors, little is understood of the legal consequences flowing from these roles. The chapter aims to fill this gap. First, it highlights that the mere designation of witness or guarantor leads to few consequences. Second, it analyses how specific third-party rights and obligations are established and conceptualised under VCLT rules, extended by analogy to intra-state peace agreements. Third, it provides a brief illustration of common third-party rights and obligations in peace agreements. Finally, it examines whether the involvement of third parties can internationalise an intra-state peace agreement, i.e. render it to be governed by international law. Bringing together views from the literature, jurisprudence and the preceding analysis on the structure of third-party rights and obligations, the chapter concludes that such rights and obligations can be internationalised, in a manner that can only extend to the agreement as a whole when inseparable from the rest of the agreement.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Varga, Dr Andrea
Authors: Varga, A.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Law
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Published Online:14 January 2021

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