Deep-learning continuous gravitational waves

Dreissigacker, C., Sharma, R., Messenger, C. , Zhao, R. and Prix, R. (2019) Deep-learning continuous gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 100, 044009. (doi: 10.1103/physrevd.100.044009)

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We present a first proof-of-principle study for using deep neural networks (DNNs) as a novel search method for continuous gravitational waves (CWs) from unknown spinning neutron stars. The sensitivity of current wide-parameter-space CW searches is limited by the available computing power, which makes neural networks an interesting alternative to investigate, as they are extremely fast once trained and have recently been shown to rival the sensitivity of matched filtering for black-hole merger signals [D. George and E. A. Huerta, Phys. Rev. D 97, 044039 (2018); H. Gabbard, M. Williams, F. Hayes, and C. Messenger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 141103 (2018)]. We train a convolutional neural network with residual (shortcut) connections and compare its detection power to that of a fully coherent matched-filtering search using the Weave pipeline [K. Wette, S. Walsh, R. Prix, and M. A. Papa, Phys. Rev. D 97, 123016 (2018)]. As test benchmarks we consider two types of all-sky searches over the frequency range from 20 to 1000 Hz: an “easy” search using T = 10 5     s of data, and a “harder” search using T = 10 6     s . The detection probability p det is measured on a signal population for which matched filtering achieves p det = 90 % in Gaussian noise. In the easiest test case ( T = 10 5     s at 20 Hz) the DNN achieves p det ∼ 88 % , corresponding to a loss in sensitivity depth of ∼ 5 % versus coherent matched filtering. However, at higher frequencies and for longer observation times the DNN detection power decreases, until p det ∼ 13 % and a loss of ∼ 66 % in sensitivity depth in the hardest case ( T = 10 6     s at 1000 Hz). We study the DNN generalization ability by testing on signals of different frequencies, spindowns and signal strengths than they were trained on. We observe excellent generalization: only five networks, each trained at a different frequency, would be able to cover the whole frequency range of the search.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:C. M. is supported by the Science and Technology Research Council (Grant No. ST/L000946/1) and the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) action CA17137.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Messenger, Dr Christopher
Authors: Dreissigacker, C., Sharma, R., Messenger, C., Zhao, R., and Prix, R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):2470-0029
Copyright Holders:Copyright © The Author(s) 2019
First Published:First published in Physical Review D 100:044009
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
169451Investigations in Gravitational RadiationSheila RowanScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/L000946/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy