Reconfigurable surfaces using fringing electric fields from nanostructured electrodes in nematic liquid crystals

Ghannam, R. , Xia, Y., Shen, D., Fernandez, F. A., Heidari, H. and Roy, V. A.L. (2021) Reconfigurable surfaces using fringing electric fields from nanostructured electrodes in nematic liquid crystals. Advanced Theory and Simulations, 4(7), 2100058. (doi: 10.1002/adts.202100058)

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Abstract

Liquid crystals with a varying phase profile enable reconfigurable and intelligent devices to be designed, which are capable of manipulating incident electromagnetic fields in display, telecommunications as well as wearable applications. The active control of defects in these devices is becoming more important, especially since the electrodes used to manipulate them are shrinking to nanometer length scales. In this paper, a simple subwavelength, 1D, interdigitated metal electrode structure that can be reconfigured using nematic liquid crystals aligned in the homeotropic, planar, and hybrid methods are demonstrated. Accurate electro‐optic modeling of the directors and the defects are shown, which are induced by the fringing electric fields. Applied voltages result in liquid crystal reorientation near the bottom surface, such that defects are induced between the electrodes. The height of the electrodes does not affect the lateral position of these defects. Rather, this can be achieved by increasing the biasing voltage on the top electrode, which also leads to greater splay‐bend in the bulk of the material. These results therefore aim to generalize the control of defects in complex anisotropic nematic liquid crystals using simple interdigitated structures for a range of reconfigurable intelligent surface applications.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Xia, Yuanjie and Ghannam, Dr Rami and Heidari, Dr Hadi and Vellaisamy, Professor Roy
Authors: Ghannam, R., Xia, Y., Shen, D., Fernandez, F. A., Heidari, H., and Roy, V. A.L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:Advanced Theory and Simulations
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2513-0390
ISSN (Online):2513-0390
Published Online:07 May 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Advanced Theory and Simulations 4(7): 2100058
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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