The hTERT and hTERC telomerase gene promoters are activated by the second Exon of the adenoviral protein, E1A, identifying the transcriptional co-repressor CtBP as a potential repressor of both genes

Glasspool, R.M., Burns, S., Hoare, S.F., Svensson, C. and Keith, W.N. (2005) The hTERT and hTERC telomerase gene promoters are activated by the second Exon of the adenoviral protein, E1A, identifying the transcriptional co-repressor CtBP as a potential repressor of both genes. Neoplasia, 7(6), pp. 614-622. (doi:10.1593/neo.04766)

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Abstract

Telomerase plays a role in the unlimited replicative capacity of the majority of cancer cells and provides a potential anticancer target. The regulation of telomerase is complex but transcriptional control of its two essential components, hTERC (RNA component) and hTERT (reverse transcriptase component), is of major importance. To investigate this further, we have used the adenoviral protein, E1A, as a tool to probe potential pathways involved in the control of telomerase transcription. The second exon of the adenoviral protein E1A activates both telomerase gene promoters in transient transfections. The corepressor, C terminal binding protein, is one of only two proteins known to bind to this region, and we propose that E1A activates both promoters by sequestering CtBP, thereby relieving repression. Activation by exon 2 of E1A involves the SP1 sites in both promoters, and consistent with this, SP1 and CtBP interact in coimmunoprecipitation studies. Modulation of the chromatin environment has been implicated in the regulation of hTERT transcription and appears to involve the SP1 sites. CtBP can be found within a histone-modifying complex and it is possible that a CtBP complex, associating with the SP1 sites, represses transcription from the telomerase promoters by modifying chromatin structure.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Burns, Mrs Sharon and Hoare, Miss Stacey and Keith, Professor Nicol
Authors: Glasspool, R.M., Burns, S., Hoare, S.F., Svensson, C., and Keith, W.N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Neoplasia
ISSN:1522-8002

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