Factors associated with objectively assessed physical activity levels of heart failure patients

Dibben, G. O. , Hillsdon, M., Salal, H. M., Metcalf, B., Doherty, P., Tang, L. H. and Taylor, R. S. (2020) Factors associated with objectively assessed physical activity levels of heart failure patients. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, 11(4), 655.

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Abstract

Aim: To determine the level of objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in patients with heart failure (HF), and to assess the association between MVPA and patient sociodemographic, exercise capacity, and health status factors. Methods: Baseline MVPA data was available in 247 HF patients with 7-day wrist-worn accelerometry from two randomized controlled trials. Associations between MVPA and patient sociodemographic, exercise capacity, and health status factors were assessed using univariate and multivariable linear regression models. Results: 247 patients (28% female, mean age 71 ± 10 years) with HF with reduced ejection fraction (n=198) and preserved ejection fraction (n=49) were included in the analysis. Average MVPA was 283. 3 min/week and ranged widely from a minimum of 0 mins/week to maximum of 2626. 7 mins/week (standard deviation: 404. 1 mins/week). 111 (45%) of patients had a level of PA that met current guidelines of at least 150 minutes/week of MVPA. Multivariable regression showed patient’s age, body mass index, employment status, smoking status, New York Heart Association class, NT-proBNP and exercise capacity to be strongly associated (p<0. 001) with the level of MVPA (p<0. 001). Conclusion: Whilst 45% of HF patients had objectively measured levels of MVPA that met current PA recommendations, we observed a wide range in the level of MVPA across this patient sample. As a number of factors were found to be associated with MVPA our findings provide important information for future interventions aiming to increase MVPA in HF patients.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was supported by a University of Exeter Postgraduate Studentship Grant. REACH-HF was supported by the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Programme Grants for Applied Research (grant number RPPG-1210-12004).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Dibben, Dr Grace and Taylor, Professor Rod
Authors: Dibben, G. O., Hillsdon, M., Salal, H. M., Metcalf, B., Doherty, P., Tang, L. H., and Taylor, R. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Journal of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology
Publisher:OMICS Publishing Group
ISSN:2155-9880
ISSN (Online):2155-9880
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Dibben GO, et al.
First Published:First published in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology 11(4): 655
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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